Likely poor performing investment managers are relatively easy to identify. Great fund managers much more difficult to identify.
Good performing managers who can consistently add value over time can be identified. Albeit, a well-developed and disciplined investment research process is required.
Those managers that consistently add value are likely to be found regularly in the second quartile of peer analysis. They are neither the best nor the worst performing manager but over time consistently add value over a market index or passive investment. They are not an average manager.
These are key insights I have developed from just under 30 years of researching and collaborating with high calibre and talented investment professionals.
More importantly, modern day academic research is supportive of this view. The conventional wisdom of active management is being challenged, as highlighted in a previous Post.
Analyzing Consistency of Manager Performance
A recent relevant study is a submission to the Australian Productivity Commission in respect of the Draft Report on ‘How to Assess the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the Superannuation System’. The analysis was undertaken by Peterson Research Institute in 2016.
The author, John Paterson, of this analysis was interviewed in a i3 article.
The key points of Peterson’s analysis and emphasized in the i3 article:
- Many of the studies into the ability of active managers to consistently outperform are inherently flawed.
- Most of these studies merely confirm that financial markets are not static, therefore they do not say anything about manager performance.
“The failure to find repeated top quartile performance in these ‘tests of manager consistency’ simply reflects the reality that markets are not Static, and says nothing about the existence, or otherwise, of manager consistency.”
- The key flaw is that many of the studies on active management focus on the performance of only the top performing managers: whether top quartile performers are able to repeat their efforts from one period to the next.
- A wider view of manager performance should be considered, all quartiles should be assessed to determine whether manager performance is random or not.
- Those managers that that consistently achieved above average returns are more likely to be found in the second or third quartiles.
In the i3 interview, Paterson discusses more about the results of their research:
“Someone who consistently outperforms doesn’t necessarily look like a top quartile manager. They are more likely to be found in the second quartile,”.
The following comment is also made:
“Most asset managers intuitively know this, because markets are cyclical and if you do something that shoots the lights out in one period, it is likely to do the complete opposite in another period.”
The Australian Experience
Paterson’s analysis also found “Across the studies analysed, it was found that there is very strong evidence that investment managers available to Australian superannuation funds do perform consistently.”
Lastly Paterson comments “And experience tells us that super funds with more active managers have done better than those with largely passive mandates, and often at a lower level of volatility.”
As I have previously Posted, there are a wide range of reasons for choosing an alternative to passive investing over and above the traditional industry debate that focuses on whether active management can outperform.
Other reasons for considering an alternatives to a passive index include no readily replicable market index exists, imbedded inefficiency within the Index, and available indices are unsuitable in meeting an investor’s objectives (e.g. Defined Pension Plans).
The decision to choose an alternative to passive investing varies across asset classes and investors.
Therefore, the traditional active versus passive debate needs to be broadened.
The article by Warren and Ezra, covered in a previous Post, When Should Investors Consider an Alternative to Passive Investing?, seeks to reconfigure and broaden the active versus passive debate.
They provide five reasons why investors might consider alternatives to passive management.
In doing so they provide examples of circumstances under which an alternative to passive management might be preferred and appreciably widen the debate.
The identification of managers that consistently add value is one reason to consider an alternative to passive management.
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